Are you searching on Google that how to make oxygen into a liquid, how is oxygen turned into a liquid, how is liquid oxygen made, how is liquid oxygen produced? Oxygen is a vital element for sustain life on the planet and it is found abundantly constituting 21% of the atmosphere of the earth cons. It is also found large measure in the core of the earth making up around 46.6 per cent by weight. Apart from being vital for sustaining life on the planet earth, it is also one of the largest industrial used gases. It is used in wide range of industries including metal, steel, welding, glazing, cutting, heating, oil and petroleum, waste water treatment, medicine, etc. Industries use cryogenic oxygen plants for generating liquid oxygen as it is easy to store and transport besides being economical. Moreover, liquid oxygen is less likely to leak compared to gaseous oxygen. Cryogenic process for making liquid oxygen was pioneered in 1930s by Carl Von Linde, which is still widely used in industrial production of oxygen.
Salient features of making liquid oxygen
- Consumes less electricity
- Easy to transport and store
- Cryogenic storage tanks made with specialized materials
- Vaporizer is used for converting it to gaseous form
- Liquid oxygen storage tanks are lighter and occupy less space
Liquid oxygen plants take air from the atmosphere which is then compressed and cooled it gets liquefied. We use cryogenic distillation materials in the making our oxygen plant machinery. Oxygen is distilled at its boiling point of -183 degree Celsius. High quality materials are used in the manufacturing and fabricating of oxygen plant that meet the standards of American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) standards. For best efficiency, there is tight integration of heat exchangers and air separation columns. Energy is produced in the plant machinery by the compression of air. For achieving low distillation temperature liquid oxygen plants are fitted with a cold box. Afterwards, compressed air is passed through a cleanup system where impurities such as vapor, carbon dioxide and hydrocarbons are removed. Then, the air is directed into a high pressure column where liquid oxygen is formed at the top of the distillation column. Do you also want to know that: How to Make Pure Nitrogen Gas?